what is the function of chromosomes brainly

If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Chromosome Definition. Which of these statements best explains why DNA is similar in most living organisms? The genes on each chromosome are arranged in a particular sequence, and each gene has a particular location on the chromosome (called its locus). The X and Y chromosomes, also known as the sex chromosomes, determine the biological sex of an individual: females inherit an X chromosome from the father for a XX genotype, while males inherit a Y chromosome from the father for a XY genotype (mothers only pass on X chromosomes) heart outlined. These and other functions of chromosomes have been elucidated below. When chromosomes are paired together, when there is one chromosome from a father and another chromosome from a mother, these are called homologous chromosomes.Chromosomes can be either duplicated or not duplicated. What is the difference between a reflex action & walking ?​, Wuchereria bancrofit causes filaria in human being.It is of which group ? Males have one X and one Y chromosome (XY) and females have two X chromosomes (XX). C. Gametes contain the 23rd pair of chromosomes. In certain ways, sex chromosomes function differently than nonsex chromosomes. star outlined. Which is TRUE about chromosomes? Explanation:. Hemophilia is caused by a mutation or change, in one of the genes, that provides instructions for making the clotting factor proteins needed to form a blood clot. A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. The male reproductive organ includes the penis, scrotum, testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, and seminal vesicles. Properties of Chromosomes. Properties of Chromosomes. Ring chromosomes usually occur when a chromosome breaks in two places and the ends of the chromosome arms fuse together to form a circular structure. the first stage of mitosis. Scientists also know that the DNA that makes up genes is packed into structures called chromosomes, and that somatic cells contain twice as many chromosomes as gametes (i.e., sperm and egg cells). The male reproductive organ includes the penis, scrotum, testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, and seminal vesicles. A male’s X comes from his mother and the Y comes from his father. a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape. The ring may or may not include the chromosome's constriction point (centromere). the second stage of mitosis. Prophase. B. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. A chromosome is a single piece of DNA that contains many genes, … In humans, DNA is found in almost all the cells of the body and provides the instructions they need to grow, function, and respond to their environment. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. These instructions are stored inside each of your cells, distributed among 46 longstructures called chromosomes. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. It's crucial that certain cells, like reproductive cells, have the correct number of chromosomes in order to function properly. Regulating the manufacture of _____ is the function of RNA. Sporozoa (iv) Lack flagella except in reproductive stage ​, what are the gases presents in the Mars planet and give their percentage​. • The nucleolus is a dense, spherical structure that is found within the nucleus of a cell that is not undergoing mitosis or meiosis and is made out of loops from different chromosomes. Males have one X and one Y chromosome. The sex chromosomes are referred to as X and Y, and their combination determines a … ... stage of the cell cycle during which a cell carries out its metabolic processes and performs its functions in the body. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. They are responsible for making the organisms what they are by helping a cell to grow, expand, and reproduce. Metaphase. Brainly User Brainly User ANSWER: The main function of centrioles is to produce the cell's cytoskeleton which is made up of microtubules and microfilaments that allow the movement for all kinds of things in the cell, including the chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). What is function of chromosome 2 See answers Lachchu Lachchu chromosome carries the genetic information from generation to generation . During interphase of the cell cycle, the chromosome exists in a loose structure, so proteins can be translated from the DNA and the DNA can be replicated.During mitosis and meiosis, the chromosome becomes condensed, to be organized and … Chromosomes are aggregated collections of genes, made out of tightly wound packets of chromatin, which are themselves composed out of proteins and DNA. What is this thing that can so hugely influence so much of our and other animals' and plants' very essence? Chromosomes are thread-like, systematized structures that are made up of a combination of DNA and protein, found in the nuclei of cells. The other 22 pairs of chromosomes are called autosomes. ... stage of the cell cycle during which a cell carries out its metabolic processes and performs its functions in the body. New questions in Science give the function of vaccine The genes on each chromosome are arranged in a particular sequence, and each gene has a particular location on the chromosome (called its locus). star outlined. Dinoflagellates (ii) Connecting link wi It stores instructions for making other large molecules, called proteins. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). It does this by function of reducing the normal diploid cells (2 copies of … As the genetic material passes from parents to child, the chromosomes are responsible for containing the instructions that make the offspring unique while still carrying traits from the parent. Chromosome 1 is the … They are made of protein and one molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). How sex is determined. The functions carried out by chromosomes form the very basis of life and its continuity. DNA structure and function. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. DNA. In most organisms, one chromosome is inherited from the mother and the other is inherited from the father; to ensure that offspring carry traits from both parents. This change or mutation can prevent the clotting protein from working properly or to be missing altogether. Chromosomes are the thread-like structure found in the nuclei of both animal and plant cells. Your IP: 167.114.26.66 Chromosomes and genes are just the tip of the iceberg under the fascinating subject of genetics. yashkumar44 yashkumar44 chromosome only contain the genes which get distributed. All organisms have the same number of chromosomes B. in meiosis and mitosis. It stores instructions for making other large molecules, called proteins. Metaphase. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes or 46 chromosomes in total. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. ... Get the Brainly App Download iOS App They are being studied for decades to understand the … You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Sulphur / Sulphate is produced as a byproduct in photosynthesis of(A) Nostoc(8) Anabaena(C) Chlorobium (green sulphurbacteria)(D) Rhizobium​, Q. DNA is the information molecule. Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique. Secondary constrictions are the constricted or the narrow region found at any point of the chromosome other than that of centromere (primary constriction). All ch … romosomes have the same number of DNA nucleotide base pairs C. All DNA contains the same bases that code the same amino acids D. All SNA is passed from one generation to the next during reproduction Interestingly, fruit flies have 8 chromosomes , and pigeons have 80 . It contains 46 chromosomes C. Each strand contains chromosomes from one parent. None duplicated chromosomes are comprised of a centromere, a central structure which links the two arms of the chro… Chromosomes carry genes. When a cell in the body divides, it will pass on a copy of its DNA … In humans the sex chromosomes consist of one pair of the total of 23 pairs of chromosomes. DNA RNA. Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique. The sex chromosomes of human beings and other mammals are designated by scientists as X and Y. Chromosomes play an important role and act as a guiding force in the growth, reproduction, repair and regeneration process, that is important for their survival Chromosome Definition. 1. D. Each chromosome contains 23 genes. This unique structure of chromosome keeps DNA tightly packed with histone proteins to fit inside the cell and it also helps in giving more stability to it. These organs collaborate to produce male gamete and semen.Male gametes are carrying one copy of a chromosome.The male gamete production site is the testes.Sperm are motile and they need fluid to swim in the female reproductive tract to meet the female gametes. A Human has 46 chromosomes. a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape. Have been elucidated below protein from working properly or to be missing altogether proves are. The organelles and molecules required for cell division are produced the number of chromosomes order! Determining an organism 's structure and function are the functions of chromosomes or female CAPTCHA. 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